Tuesday, April 30, 2013

Jonathan Edwards' Contribution to America

A short article in the subject of American Studies and Literature focused on Jonathan Edwards, the fiery New England preacher of the mid 1700’s. I was happy to find the article though as I read the hyper-condensed overview of the man and his contributions to early America, made a few observations and came up with a few questions. 

Is Edwards still read by students today? The purpose of the article was to survey high school and college exposure to American literature and suggested the intended outcome for students having touched the material; a kind of “here’s what you should have learned but were misled and this is what you discovered about the truth of the matter in college.” Do students still read Edwards today? If so (and using Edwards as a case-study) why are students told what to think about what they read? What, then, do they learn?

Considering contributions to early America and literature, Jonathan Edwards is called a Puritan thinker. Yes, he was Puritan; and, yes, he was a thinker and he just so happened to write (which in itself is an amazing study). The way Edwards is often presented (in terms of Puritanism) is that he was the preacher of terror--his most known work is “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.” Without thinking, students are left with the wrong view of the man, the wrong view of God and are left wondering how and why he was a great American. This leads to the second and overlooked contribution of Edwards, being a thinker. He was the practitioner of true science: observing, recording, processing, concluding in such a way that was inclusive of total reality--the spiritual world is as real as the physical. The reference to the doomed spider in his famous sermon was not drawn from a hat, but was on his mind due to actual scientific observation as a scientist. There was a spiritual truth to be drawn from the physical world. 

A couple of words about this so-called “preacher of terror” (all his sermons were not hell-fire and filled with the wrath of God): “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” has a context, following a sermon titled, “God Glorified in Man’s Dependence, By The Greatness of Man’s Dependence Upon Him In The Whole Of It.” Noting the first paragraph of “Sinners,” we find the introductory verse followed by this explanation: “In this verse is threatened the vengeance of God on the wicked unbelieving Israelites . . .” Edwards was not out to vindictively beat his parishioners; rather, he saw what was wrong with mankind, what was wrong with his corner of early America and offered a solution: redemption. The sermon concludes: “Therefore, let every one that is out of Christ now awake and fly from the wrath to come.” Like the Israelites, if redemption was rejected, then wrath is to be expected.

Be encouraged to read Edwards, his memoirs and other works. Let the man speak for himself. He was an outstanding writer, a deep thinker and had a firm grasp on the whole of reality.

Enjoy Iain Murray's excellent biography on Jonathan Edwards, who was a great contributor to both Christ's Kingdom and his country. He was God's man with God's Word in God's world. Jonathan Edwards clearly understood the meaning of “one nation, under God” long before the phrase was coined.




Monday, April 29, 2013

Book Review: "Clockwork Angels" by Kevin J. Anderson and Neil Peart

This is not a typical book review for the book actually began with an album, so one finds it difficult to talk about one to the exclusion of the other.


“Clockwork Angels” began as the concept album (released June 12, 2012) by the band Rush. Lyricist and drummer Neil Peart teamed with novelist Kevin Anderson to produced this thought-provoking adventure based on lyrics from the band’s 19th album. The cover art (below) is shared between album and book and displays layers of intrigue. Fans of the band will understand without explanation the meaning of “2112,” noting the time indicated on the clock-face (in military time). The symbols on the cover refer to the chemicals of alchemy, but not alchemy in the classical sense. This alchemy is the powersource for a steam-punk world.


Musically, the band surprises the listener with some bold adventures into genre not often associated with Rush. They are loud with style in all the right places. The contrasting softer passages demonstrate the mastery of a gentler side not often attributed to their performances.

The story of the album is the story of the novel, and the reader who is also an avid listener will be rewarded by discovering the sprinkling gems of lyrics from many albums spread throughout, as has already been suggested by the cover.

One might consider this book to be “2112, part 2.” Classical readers may appreciate Neil Peart’s following Voltaire’s lead with “Candide.” A young man living in a world of Stability as provided by the Watchmaker contemplates the question, “is it enough?” His adventures in love and life find him torn between the influences of the Watchmaker and the Anarchist. The theological tones of the novel are as strong as the humanistic elements as well as the philosophical questions to be entertained. The story is not at all complicated by these elements and may (perhaps) make an exciting movie; however, the outcome of the story (a la Voltaire) would be a great conversation piece in any coffee shop.

A summary of the book may be suggested in the opening paragraphs of Chapter 22: “A man could lose his past in a country like this--and that was exactly what Owen wanted. Parts of his past anyway. Heading toward the west and out of the mountains, he followed his dreams and ran from his nightmares. He chose his own path and consulted the dreamline compass sparingly.” (p. 223).

Both book and album are excellent for discussion, bursting with symbolism; however, these can be dangerous if taken alone. While many readers/listeners may identify with the struggles of “our hero” and wonder how they got there, there is no doubt concerning the message being communicated. Now is a good time to ask questions like, “is there a middle ground?” Perhaps the answer lies in the accuracy of one's understanding of The Watchmaker and The Anarchist.

Friday, April 26, 2013

Great Prayer Day (Denmark)

Next time you eat a “Danish,” repent.

Great Prayer Day is a Danish holiday that began in the 1600’s. The liturgical calendar was packed with days of prayer and repentance and someone got the idea (difficult to pinpoint “who”, as many countries share the same calendar) that it would be easier to condense all these days into one; hence, the “Great” of the Prayer Day. Danish bakers particularly sought to make life easier for their customers by making special loaves that could be easily warmed on the Prayer Day--less work, more prayer. 

Make certain to spend time today and every day before the Lord, keeping “short accounts.” Repentance means turning from sin to the finished work of Christ by faith. God forgives those who repent. We pray because He loves to hear from those who are His children by faith.

Enjoy a Danish, and enjoy time with God today!

Thursday, April 25, 2013

Randoms

Tower of David Citadel: Jerusalem's History Made Easy.

"The Trial of Socrates Still Raises Questions About the Relationship Between Citizens and Their States."

10 Cardio Crimes. I don't agree with the negativity concerning stretching prior to a workout, but I'm no expert. I just have a better workout when I do . . .

Glad to know there's a cure:

Wednesday, April 24, 2013

The Art of Music


(ht: Classical Musicians FB Group)

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

St. George's Day

When you hear the name “Saint George,” and the picture of a knight killing a dragon comes to mind, then you’ve got the right idea. St. George is considered to be the patron saint of many European kingdoms and countries though (as it often goes with historical figures), he is remembered most by the most romantic tales than by his true historicity.


Various histories agree that George was born to a Greek family in Israel nearly 275 years after Christ and include his subsequent following in his father’s footsteps by serving in the Roman army. There are indications that Emperor Diocletian knew George’s father, so that helped; that is, until Diocletian banned Christianity. George was martyred for rejecting the new Romanism and for holding on to his faith as a follower of Christ.


The story of St. George killing the dragon is rich in symbolism: first, one recalls the biblical imagery of the defeat of Satan, described as “that great dragon” in scripture. This imagery glorifies Christ by picturing the faith of George overcoming the Roman empire, which suggests another view of the picture: the demise of Rome.

The idea of George and the dragon may have come from an actual historical event--or something like it. Picture an ancient village living under the folk religion and fear of spiritual realm. Nearby there lies a stream inhabited by a dragon, a crocodile. The villagers need water and fish the stream, but often disturb the animal, so they offer sacrifices of sheep or other animals. Imagine their terror and appeals to the spiritual realm as they maybe lose an innocent child (“virgin”) to the beast.

Could there have been a “missionary” effort in terms of signs and wonders for this Roman soldier, a follower of Christ, to come along and slay the dragon/crocodile? Could he have received his fame among the kingdoms by bringing the message of salvation into the pagan world? It is not difficult to hear the voices of the villagers as they trade and travel, telling others of this one who came in the name of Jesus and killed their dragon--physically and spiritually.

Monday, April 22, 2013

Earth Day

Earth Day is a great idea, but there is much more to Earth Day than simply protecting the environment. We must protect the earth, but why? Yes the earth is our home, but how do we protect it? Is fighting litter and “going green” enough?

I recall being very young and growing so concerned over the environment that I literally went door to door (with parental permission) and asked people to sign a pledge they would not litter. The result? I was hired (and paid) by the neighborhood to keep the entrance to our neighborhood clean and the association took care of the neighborhood itself. But uncleanliness kept happening--and it still happens. Why?

The population of earth remains unclean. Is it any wonder that God’s unchanging Word speaks of the groaning of creation as creation waits for the redemption of mankind (Romans 8:19-23). Imagine the sigh of relief when the earth is made new! Earth Day is tied up in man’s repentance and obedience to God!

Man was created and placed on the earth to care for the earth, but only in the context of the unbroken relationship with The Creator. If man is not reconciled with his Creator, how can he take of God’s creation the way He intended? Man is God’s representative on earth!

Go a step further: we are not only to take care of the earth, but also one another. How can we celebrate Earth Day by aborting it’s population? The argument often contains the word “overcrowding.” Is the earth that overcrowded? How does the argument account for the massive swatches of earth that contain zero population? How does the argument support the rights of humanity by denying the rights of humanity?

The Universe operates the way our Creator made it. This includes every area science tries to manipulate. What’s the adage: “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it”? What is accomplished by weather experiments that create or dissipate clouds with chemicals. What goes up must come down, so how does the scientific application of toxic substances by plane “up there” affect that one which the substances fall? How does feeding a storm help those who lose their homes to it? 

What is being accomplished in the name of science is not fulfilling the duty of man. Repent, be reconciled to your Creator, obey His Word and give the earth a break!

Friday, April 19, 2013

"The Creation Story of Genesis 2:21-25 does not condemn same-sex love"

Or is this just a story about God’s creative power only? How does Genesis 2:21-25 read?


So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. And the rib that the LORD God had taken from the man he made  into a woman and brought her to the man. Then the man said, ‘This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.’ Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.”


What Moses was inspired to write here is an expansion of what was started in the previous chapter, “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.” Returning back to chapter 2, we find that Eve is declared to be man’s helper (2:18, 20, 24). Is that it? Is the woman merely the helper, permitting man to be affectionate with someone else? No, she is much more. She is God’s design for heterosexuality and this is seen clearly in the evidence embedded in the language of 2:18-20:


Then the LORD God said, ‘It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.’ Now out of the ground the LORD God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him.”


The English language fails to communicate picture embedded in the Hebrew, but we catch a glimpse when considering what transpires in the passage. Nothing like an animal corresponds to the human, so there must be another creature that is “according to” the man. Yes, the word translating “helper” or "according to what is in front of" is a masculine noun, but that noun is qualified by Genesis 2:24, clearly approving the heterosexual relationship and disallowing same-sex relations: “Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.”

One flesh requires a creature which corresponds to man and t
he female is declared to be that corresponding helper, designed for heterosexual "one flesh" union with man. An animal does not correspond to man, neither does another male. The female corresponds to the male, being taken out of him. God begins with what He created and gives man a corresponding creation.

(notes from a seminar discussion)

Thursday, April 18, 2013

Randoms

Wonder and Awe in Worship. How does an encounter with God affect you?

So Bad, They're Good. Here are 15 of the worst "nearly blasphemous" covers of Beatles songs. Yes, I can say I have a favorite.

Benjamin Franklin + wine = Time Machine? That man was always thinking. Sort of.

The Art of Manliness gives us "7 Reasons to Become a Gentleman Gardner."

Is Self-sacrifice ultimately selfish?

David Gilmore (of Pink Floyd) singing Shakespeare:

Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Photoblog: Praying for the Nations

Students on the campus of Columbia International University use this tent to pray for the nations through Operation World this week.


Monday, April 15, 2013

Songkran Festival สุขสันต์วันสงกรานต์ (Thailand)


Happy New Year--again! Our friends in Thailand have had one wet weekend, celebrating Songkran, the Thai New Year ( "สวัสดีปีใหม่" )

One feature of the day is always more fun for the younger generations while the older folks take what they can, as light as they are able. Starting the New Year means starting clean and fresh, so tossing water at one another by nearly every means possible marks the three days of festival. Buckets, garden hoses, pots and pans, even water balloons and water guns of various types keep everyone fairly doused. The symbolism (of course) is washing off the filth of the previous year and starting over.

Recent years have seen a boost in tourism in Thailand as people travel to become, shall we say, “culturally immersed” in the hottest month of the year. Someone once asked, “how does one avoid getting wet during Songkran?” No satisfactory answer comes apart from “don’t throw water and babies, the elderly and people driving.”

Is it really that easy? Does a splash of water soothe the conscience? Does giving alms and food to monks actually erase shame and guilt? Who is being appeased when one visits the temples for merit? How does changing behavior erase what was done in the past?

One can’t help but ask.



Friday, April 12, 2013

Pre-Book Review: "An Incomplete Education" by Judy Jones and William Wilson

Uncle John’s Bathroom Reader has a contender! Just found a book I am going to review it before I actually read it. Judy Jones and William Wilson (there’s an education in that name--calling to mind Edgar Allan Poe--which hints as to why a book like this can be fun) published this third edition in 2009 with Ballantine.

The book covers highlights in twelve subject areas that we either forgot or slept through in school: American Studies, Art History, Economic, Film, Literature, Music, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Religion, Science and World History. Browsing the book, one notes witty writing in short articles. Even the Lexicon presents itself to be a readable 13th chapter.

10,000 years in only 700 pages. I expect plenty of springboards for future blogs to be found within!

Tuesday, April 09, 2013

Heroes Day of Valor; or, ''Araw ng Kagitingan" (Philippines)


April 9, 1942, Japanese troops received the surrender of 76,000 troops (the majority being Filipino and American along with thousands of Chinese). These starving, diseased troops were forced to march over 90 miles to an internment camp and hundreds never arrived, dying along the way of sickness, infection or were simply executed. Some managed to escape. Today is the Veterans Day of the Philippines, remembering those who were swept up in the Bataan Death March. Today is the Heroes Day of Valor.

Heroes. We have plenty of them--but Heroes of Valor? What does this word, “valor” mean, anyway? Who cares to look it up? Perhaps one should. A fresh definition may change one's view of the hero . . .

Early sea voyagers theorized that Atoll islands were built by coral-animals for the purpose of personal protection. Scientific observation revealed this fascinating fact: coral-builders can only live in the open ocean, particularly where there is plenty of aeration (provided by active wave-action). So which is stronger: the one who lives in protection and comfort, or the one who endures hardship, being made into a man or woman with character?

Valor is not a word commonly used today I fear that Heroes of Valor are on the endangered list. No pun is intended, but a point is being made: men and women of valor are few and far between because few actually understand courage and danger. We substitute courage with comfort. This is probably one reason why Superheroes are making a comeback because the best we can do is fantasize what courage must look like then try to live vicariously through cosplay.

I find a fresh reason to thank our troops who fight for our freedom. I find reason to expand my view of a hero of valor to men and women who stand up for right--and stand up and stand up and stand up.

Monday, April 08, 2013

Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah): "Never Again: Heeding the Warning Signs"

Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah) is an international day of recalling the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. This day always falls on the 25th day of Nissan in the Jewish Calendar which is this day by our counting.

Click for theme resources


The 2013 Days of Remembrance invite us to look back 75 years at the events of 1938 and examine how citizens and countries responded to signs of impending war and the Holocaust.

In the pivotal year before Nazi Germany invaded Poland and launched World War II, intervention could have saved many lives. Why did so many fail to respond to the warning signs and what lessons do their actions hold for us today?

Read more on this year’s theme. 

Themes of past years included: “Choosing to Acts: Stories of Rescue” (2012), “Justice and Accountability in the Face of Genocide: What Have We Learned?” (2011); “Stories of Freedom: What You Do Matters” (2010) and “Never Again: What You Do Matters” (2009).

Friday, April 05, 2013

The Floating Stick

It was to be a simple exercise, an experiment, a group demonstration--a team-building exercise. For some reason it did not work. Well, perhaps it did work; but, I still can’t get my mind around the outcome. 

See, we were supposed to lower a stick and we failed. Miserably. 

Someone brought a 10 foot section of quarter-round molding and laid it in the floor, forming a line that divided the room. Ten volunteers stepped forward, five on each side of the “line.” We were told to hold out our index fingers and the stick was lifted from the floor and set on our out-stretched digits. We were to lower the stick to knee-height, provided that 1) the stick was not grasped in any way (it must only rest on the index finger); and 2) no finger could leave the stick, or we would have to start over. 

The stick rose.
The stick wobbled.
Some lowered too fast and departed from the stick and we had to start again.
The group never lowered the stick three inches in unison. 

My mind reeled as I stood in the group thinking that someone was sabotaging the attempt. Why was the stick going up and not down? How could it possibly move left or right when “down” was the only direction? 

I was confused and angry. How could something so easy be so difficult? 

The “natural” (outspoken) leaders of the group tried to instruct others how we were going to do this and the attempt failed worse than when nobody spoke. 

One observation: the fewer people involved, the higher the success rate of lowering the stick. Conversely, the more people involved, the higher the failure rate. 

We discussed the experiment and during that discussion I made an observation that I’m not certain was also noted by others--the more we talked about it, the more over-thinking occurred and the further we got away from the exploring the solution. 

Then we went on with our meeting, where I witnessed the proverbial stick rise and rise and rise . . .

Thursday, April 04, 2013

Qingming Festival 清明节 (China)


Children everywhere (yes, even the children-at-heart), today is the day to parrrr-tay. Get out there to the playground and share the swings. Today is the Chinese festival Qingming (Ching Ming), a day of joy and sorrow, of looking back and ahead. The weather is getting warmer as we move away from the cold of winter and closer to the heat of summer! So lean back, pull on the chains and get those legs going, up, up, up into the sky (be safe and no Superman jumps ok)?

If you’re not on the swings, go fly a kite. No, really. Kite flying is another festival activity of the day and if the conditions are right, kite flying goes on into the night. Special lanterns are rigged to the kites and the stars take on new dancing partners as kites are cut free. Kite flying is a wonderful diversion that I (admittedly) have not enjoyed in a few years. I know of an individual who spent a lot of time on the road and always packed a canvas kite. Rest stops often included a brief outing in sun and wind flying the kite before getting back on the road again. Not a bad idea, if you ask me.

The Qingming Festival is observed in numerous ways and (as already mentioned) children enjoy the outdoors and springtime with play. Adults on the other hand, may be tending to the graves of those who have died by weeding, sweeping and cleaning. Traditional observance includes leaving money, food or wine for the departed as a sign of perpetual care required in the afterlife.

While researching the Qingming Festival, I did not find a clear definition of the term but did find long lists of alternate names for this day. Whatever it’s called and whatever it means, I will venture what I understand to be the theme: life. Enjoy life while you live.

I will venture another thought: the swing remains when you’ve gone and the flowers and weeds will continue to grow. Perhaps the kite symbolizes our leaving life, drifting off into the night-shadow of death.

Qingming Festival is a good day to reflect and project about what’s next, so let me end on a positive note about life: the average person lives about 70 years, so if you are in your 20’s you have about 2,500 weekends to think it over (about 625 are springtime weekends). If you are in your 30’s, you should have somewhere around 2,000 weekends to live. If you are in your 40’s, about 1,500 weekends (nearly 375 would be springtime weekends). In your 50’s? Perhaps you are thinking about how to live the next 1,000 weekends.

Abundant life is the gift of your Creator. Do you have it?


Wednesday, April 03, 2013

Book Review: "The Air I Breathe [Worship As A Way of Life]"

[I read old books because they are there]

Louie Giglio’s book, “The Air I Breathe [Worship As A Way of Life]” (2003) is well, a breath of fresh air, considering the number of contemporary books available on the subject. This 122 page book (consisting of 11 chapters plus questions for group discussion) fits nicely in just about any pants pocket or purse. If you’ve enjoyed any of Louie’s talks, this will be a nice refresher.

Louie begins with a captivating question then goes beyond any typical answer, demonstrating “why worship matters” and the cost of worship--both for Him and for we who worship. Here, Louie proves that worship begins not with the one who worships, but with the object of worship; that is, worship is our response to God.

“When God is not greatly praised, it’s only because we don’t think He’s that great of a God. When our worship is small, it’s because our concept of God is small. When we offer God little-bitty sacrifices, it’s because we’ve somehow reduced Him in our hearts to a little-bitty God . . . . As a result, our lives shrivel into insignificance and meaninglessness . . . . We lose sight of the reality of realities: There’s an infinite, limitless God high and exalted on His throne, ruling with all power and authority over the heavens and the earth.” (p. 55-56)

Louis encourages us to take another look at God (as it were), knowing Him as infinitely awesome and intimately approachable. How can we offer Him less, the one who gives us life and breath? We are free of religion because Christ is the final offering for sin. He should receive both our lips and our lives, our words and our works--perpetually, a little at a time (like climbing a mountain--Mount God). Worship is the act of the individual and everyone together, believing Him.

Tuesday, April 02, 2013

Easter Tuesday and Jesus Myth

Today is Easter Tuesday, the day after Easter Monday. You thought the Resurrection celebration was over? I just learned that few (very few) cities in the U.S. plan their city calendar accordingly, even cancelling school during these special days.


I was also reminded that for the past few years, some have claimed that Jesus and the resurrection of Jesus was a borrowed idea, being no more than a fantasy or a myth. Permit me to summarize J.R.R. Tolkien (who corrected C.S. Lewis, who once said that myths are lies): Christianity is a myth--one that happens to be true. It’s just the further myths gets from source material, the more misguided they are in communicating truth.


So how do we know if the birth, life, death and resurrection of Jesus was not a borrowed idea?

Let me suggest reading the ancient myths, noting how myth stories change over time. "Not one clear case of any alleged resurrection teaching appears in any pagan text before the late second century A.D., almost one hundred years after the New Testament was written." (Cited by Dan Story in The Christian Combat Manual: Helps for Defending your Faith: A Handbook for Practical Apologetics, 2007, p. 206). The same is true for virgin birth stories.

Second, consider what outside sources have to say about Jesus. 27 New Testament documents verify His life, plus 39 non-Christian sources (to name a few) written within 150 years including the Talmud, the Roman historian Tacitus, Jewish Historian Josephus, and others (including the gnostic gospels) mention Jesus’ life, Jesus’ teaching, Jesus’ death and specifically the resurrection and reactions to it. These do not include archaeological evidences. Charlie Campbell points out that over 20,000 words of the Encyclopedia Britannica discuss Jesus without once calling his existence into question.

"We did not follow cleverly invented stories when we told you about the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. For He received honor and glory from God the Father when the voice came to Him from the Majestic Glory, saying, 'This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.' We ourselves heard this voice that came from heaven when we were with Him on the sacred mountain" (2 Peter 1:16-18).

Monday, April 01, 2013

April Fools Origins

Nobody is sure who, where or when the custom of playing tricks on this day actually began, but there are a few interesting possibilities:

The French claim that Francois Rabelais (16th century) chose the Royal Family as the mark for a daring prank that nearly cost him his very life! The story is he left a bag of brick dust labeled as poison to be discovered. When the truth was revealed (and his life was spared), but the Royal Family remained to be called the “un poisson d’avril.”

The Italian version of April Fools Day is “pesce d’ aprile!” (April fish). This reference goes back a little further into the Middle Ages where references are made to the arrest and trial of Jesus, being sent back and forth from Pilate to Herod then back again, from Herod to Pilate. The “pesce d’ aprile” involves sending people on senseless errands as diversion to set up a prank, or as the trick itself.

Isn’t it interesting that Eta Piscium is the brightest star seen in the constellation Pisces (the Fish) between February and April? Early Christians were called “pisces” (Latin) and “ichthues” (Greek) because of the fish symbol they used to identify themselves. 


And can you imagine what the fisher-disciples must have been thinking when Jesus told the catchless crew to cast their nets on the other side of the boat? “You gotta be kidding me, Jesus!” But they did.

The first trick was played by that great deceiver, the devil himself, in the Garden of Eden and his trick was not designed for laughter but for harm. Satan schemed to ruin man by deception and the plan would have worked had God not intervened and sent His Son to bear the sins of mankind.

Happy Atheist Day!

Just a quick note to wish everyone, "Happy Atheist Day!"

Listen to a recording of a debate between Atheist Ron Barrier and evangelist Ray Comfort. This debate was hosted by the American Atheists, Inc. in April 2001 in Orlando, Florida at the National Annual Meeting of American Atheists, Inc. Ray Comfort attended by invitation.

Is it possible that in examining all the evidence, that the atheist could have missed something?  Here's a quick test to find out if it is possible to have missed something:

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